Peru: Ancient History and Adorable Alpacas

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If you’re like me, you’ve had the famous Machu Picchu in Peru on your bucket list for ages.

To me, Peru immediately evokes Indiana Jones’ styled adventures in ancient temples and thick jungles.

When we checked out this Marca Peru movie trailer-styled video, I was surprised by the depth of history and culture in Peru and how this has made an impact on the modern landscape that exists today.


Of course, being the travel geek that I am, the video immediately led to a couple of hours of research on Peru. I’m a little embarrassed to admit that I knew so little about the country. It turns out that Peru has a deeply interesting culture and history.

It doesn’t hurt that I also found out that Peru’s cuisine is often rated the best in South America. Add to that some great luxurious hotels, and I’m in.

Here are some of the coolest tidbits I discovered about Peru.

12 Cool Facts about Peru

1. The oldest city in the Americas is the sacred city of Caral a few hours north of Lima, the capital. Caral was built around 2500 BC, and covers around 626 acres.

2. The Inca civilization that built the famous Machu Picchu lasted barely 100 years (1438–1532). Before the Incas, Peru was occupied by many cultures, including the Kotosh, Chavin, Paracas, Lima, Nasca, Moche, Tiwanaku, Wari, Lambayeque, Chimu, Chincha, and the Paracas.

3. The first evidence of humankind in Peru dates back 11,000 years, based on hunting tools found in caves.

4. Peru is home to the enigmatic Nazca lines, massive ancient drawings drawn on the earth of the Nazca Desert in southern Peru. The lines depict everything from animals like monkeys and lizards, to simple geometric shapes. The biggest of the figures are 200 metres (660 ft) across. Contrary to popular belief, the Nazca lines are actually visible from the surrounding foothills, although there’s a common myth that they can only be seen from the air.

Nacza Lines by Paul Williamss

Nacza Lines by Paul Williams

5. Peru has 11 UNESCO Heritage sites, with 8 more submitted for consideration.

6. The walls of Sacsayhuaman in Cusco have remained solid through centuries, lasting through earthquakes that flattened many colonial buildings. The zig-zag shaped walls are made of massive boulders shaped to fit precisely together. No mortar holds them together.

7. Pottery made by craftsmen of the Moche civilization (200 BC-700 AD) is known today as some of the most realistic and whimsical in the world. Some of the most interesting of this pottery is, well, a bit naughty. This being a family blog, we’ll leave it at that.

Moche Pottery. Photo by Lyndsayruell

Moche Pottery. Photo by Lyndsayruell

8. Peru has 28 out of 32 of the world’s climates, ranging from the hot and humid Amazon rain forest to the varying temperatures of the Andean highlands.

9. The potato originated in Peru. It was first domesticated 7,000 to 10,000 years ago, but only made its way to the Europe, via the Canary Islands, in 1567.

10. The mighty Amazon river originates in a trickle of water coming from melting snow at the mountain of Nevado Mismi high in the Peruvian Andes.

Nevado Mismi by Dean Jacobs

Nevado Mismi by Dean Jacobs (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

11. Once a food of ancient Peruvians, guinea pig (cuy) is now only commonly eaten during festivals or events. It is served whole, with the head and feet intact. Pre-Incan cultures sometimes buried their dead with whole guinea pigs, perhaps for food in the afterlife.

12. Peru has alpacas and llamas. They made the list just because they’re cute.

Cute alpaca Peru

Photo by Keirn

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